Sending Data to a Kafka Topic using kafka-python - Producer Example

In this tutorial, you will learn how to create a producer application to send data to a Kafka topic using kafka-python client library.

kafka-python is a Python client for the Apache Kafka. It is designed to work much like the official Java client.

kafka-python is recommended to use with newer versions (0.9+) of Kafka brokers. However, it is backwards compatible with previous versions (to 0.8.0). Some features such as a dynamic partition assignment to multiple consumer in the same group and rebalancing multiple consumers with partition assignments based on failures are only supported on newer version (0.9+) of Kafka brokers.

To learn how to read data from a Kafka topic, read here.

Follow these steps to complete this example:

Installing kafka-python

Install python-kafka Library:


pip install kafka-python

Creating Producer

A producer application implements the KafkaProducer API to send data to a Kafka topic. KafkaProducer is an asynchronous, high-level message/data producer. KafkaProducer is thread-safe.


from kafka import KafkaProducer
import json

class MessageProducer:
    broker = ""
    topic = ""
    producer = None

    def __init__(self, broker, topic):
        self.broker = broker
        self.topic = topic
        self.producer = KafkaProducer(bootstrap_servers=self.broker, 
        value_serializer=lambda v: json.dumps(v).encode('utf-8'),
        acks='all',
        retries = 3)
    
    
    def send_msg(self, msg):
        print("sending message...")
        try:
            future = self.producer.send(self.topic,msg)
            self.producer.flush()
            future.get(timeout=60)
            print("message sent successfully...")
            return {'status_code':200, 'error':None}
        except Exception as ex:
            return ex
    

broker = 'localhost:9092'
topic = 'test-topic'
message_producer = MessageProducer(broker,topic)

data = {'name':'abc', 'email':'abc@example.com'}
resp = message_producer.send_msg(data)
print(resp)

Learn how to set up Apache Kafka server on your local machine here for Windows and here for Mac/Ubuntu/Linux.