Keycloak is an open-source Identity and Access Management (IAM) solution developed and maintained by Red Hat. It provides a set of powerful features and functionalities to handle user authentication, authorization, and security for web and mobile applications. Keycloak aims to simplify the process of securing applications and APIs, enabling developers to focus on their core application logic without worrying about authentication and user management.
Keycloak offers a centralized platform for managing users, roles, and clients (applications) in a secure and scalable manner. It supports industry-standard authentication protocols like OpenID Connect and OAuth 2.0, making it compatible with a wide range of applications and services.
Here are some key features of Keycloak:
- Authentication: Keycloak handles user authentication by supporting various authentication methods, including username/password, social logins (Google, Facebook), and multi-factor authentication (MFA).
- Authorization: Keycloak offers role-based access control and precise authorization policies, allowing you to manage access to specific resources and functionalities within applications.
- Single Sign-On (SSO): Keycloak enables Single Sign-On (SSO), allowing users to access multiple applications or services with just one set of login credentials. In traditional authentication systems, users have to log in separately to each application they want to use, entering their username and password multiple times. SSO simplifies this process by providing a centralized authentication system that authenticates the user once and securely shares that authentication across multiple applications or services.
- User Federation: Keycloak supports user federation, allowing integration with external identity providers and user directories such as LDAP, Active Directory, and more.
- Social Identity Brokering: It allows users to log in or register to applications using their accounts from popular social identity providers such as Google, Facebook, GitHub, Twitter, and more. It simplifies the registration and authentication process for users by leveraging their existing social media or third-party identity accounts.
- Client Adapters: Keycloak offers client adapters for various programming languages and frameworks, simplifying the integration of applications with the Keycloak server.
- Event Logging: Keycloak logs various events, providing administrators with auditing capabilities to monitor user activity and system usage./li>
- Token-based Security: Keycloak issues security tokens (such as access tokens and refresh tokens) following the OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect standards, ensuring secure communication between clients and applications.
- Customizable Themes: It provides the ability to customize the login and user interface.
- Internationalization (i18n): It has support for different languages.