Making HTTP POST Requests in Spring Boot

  • Last updated Apr 25, 2024

In Spring Boot, making HTTP POST requests is a common requirement when interacting with external APIs or sending data to a server. This tutorial will guide you through the process of making HTTP POST requests in a Spring Boot application.

Here's an example code snippet that demonstrates how to make an HTTP POST request to a URL in Spring Boot:

RestTemplate restTemplate = new RestTemplate();

String url = "";

MyRequestBody requestBody = new MyRequestBody();

HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
headers.set("Accept", MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE);
HttpEntity httpEntity = new HttpEntity<>(requestBody, headers);

ResponseEntity response = restTemplate.postForEntity(url, httpEntity, MyResponse.class);
if(response.getStatusCode().is2xxSuccessful()) {
    MyResponse myResponse = response.getBody();
} else {
    //Handle error response here

In this example, we are using the RestTemplate class from the Spring Framework to make HTTP requests and handle responses. RestTemplate, a client-side HTTP communication library, simplifies the process of interacting with external services or APIs. It provides methods for various HTTP operations (GET, POST, PUT, DELETE), abstracting low-level details like managing connections, serializing/deserializing data, handling headers, and processing status codes.

Here's is an explanation of the above code:

  1. The example code starts by creating an instance of the RestTemplate class, which is a tool provided by the Spring framework for making HTTP requests. This allows us to communicate with an API.
  2. We define the URL of the API endpoint we want to send the request to. In this case, the URL is set to "".
  3. Next, we create an instance of a custom class called MyRequestBody. This class represents the data we want to send as the request body to the API. We set values for several parameters within the request body, such as param1, param2, param3, and param4.
  4. We create an instance of HttpHeaders, which is used to set headers for the HTTP request. In this code, we set the "Accept" header to indicate that we expect the API to respond with JSON data.
  5. We create an HttpEntity object, which represents the complete request, including the request body and headers. We pass the requestBody object and headers object to the HttpEntity constructor.
  6. Using the RestTemplate postForEntity() method, we send an HTTP POST request to the specified URL. We provide the URL, the httpEntity object (containing the request body and headers), and specify that we expect the response to be of type MyResponse (another custom class).
  7. Using the RestTemplate instance, we send an HTTP POST request to the specified URL. We provide the URL, the httpEntity object (containing the request body and headers), and specify that we expect the response to be of type MyResponse (another custom class).
  8. After sending the request to the API, we need to check the response's status code to determine if the request was successful. The getStatusCode() method retrieves the status code from the response, and is2xxSuccessful() checks if the status code falls within the 2xx range (indicating success).
  9. If the response is successful, we retrieve the response body using response.getBody() and assign it to a variable called myResponse. This variable will contain the data sent back by the API, which should correspond to the structure defined in the MyResponse class.
  10. If the response is not successful (i.e., it has a status code outside the 2xx range), we enter the else block. This is where you can handle the error response from the API, such as logging an error message or taking appropriate actions based on the error code or response content.

In summary, the code sets up an HTTP POST request to an API endpoint, sends a request body and headers, and retrieves the response. It then checks if the response was successful and handles the response accordingly, either by extracting the response body or handling the error response.