HTML is short for Hypertext Markup Language. Hypertext is text that contains links to other text or information. Markup refers to structuring or constructing content in a specific format. In simple terms, HTML is a web development language that is used for creating and structuring content on the internet. It is the language that web browsers understand to display text, images, links, and other elements you see on websites.
HTML serves as the backbone of web pages. It uses a standardized approach to structure content with the use of tags to define different elements on a webpage, such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, and more. These tags are enclosed in angle brackets, creating a hierarchical structure that browsers interpret to display content in a visually appealing and organized manner.
History of HTML
In the early 1990s, Tim Berners-Lee created HTML at CERN (Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire) in Geneva, Switzerland. With the growth and popularity of the Web, HTML also thrived and gradually evolved in several ways.
In 1995, HTML 2.0 was developed to formalize common practices and introduce additional features from HTML 1.0, under the protection of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Subsequently, HTML 3.0 evolved, introducing new features such as tables, text flow around figures, and complex mathematical elements. HTML 4.0 followed, bringing advanced extensions to HTML, including mechanisms for scripting, support for frames, style sheets, enhanced tables, and improvements to forms. Currently, HTML 5 is the latest version, incorporating numerous enhancements and new features compared to its predecessors.
HTML5 is the fifth major version of HTML, released in 2014. HTML5 is developed by WHATWG, a group of individuals from Google, Apple, Microsoft, and Mozilla.
After completing this tutorial, you will be able to create dynamic and visually appealing websites. Learning HTML can lead to roles such as a web developer, front-end developer, or web designer.