HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. HyperText are text that contains links to other text or information. Markup means to structure or construct in a specific format. HTML is called HyperText Markup Language because it is a language for converting ordinary text into useful information on the internet.
HTML is used for creating Web pages. It has special codes that control the layout and display of the text, images, audio and video clips. HTML does not belong to anyone, it is a public domain and the standard of HTML is controlled by W3C (World Wide Web Consortium).
In the early 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created HTML at CERN (Conseil European de la Recherche Nucleaire) in Geneva, Switzerland. With the growth of the Web, HTML also prospered and gradually evolved in a number of ways.
In the year 1995, HTML 2.0 was developed to codify common practice with additional features of HTML 1.0, under the protection of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Then HTML 3.0 evolved with a range of new features like tables, text flow around figures and complex mathematic elements. Then HTML 4.0 came with the most advance extends of HTML with mechanisms for scripting, support for frames, style sheets, richer tables and enhancement to forms. Currently, HTML 5 version is used with more improvement and new features than to its previous versions.
HTML5 is the fifth major version of HTML, released in 2014. HTML5 is developed by WHATWG, a group of individuals from Google, Apple, Microsoft, and Mozilla.